How a boiler works in a power plant?
A steam power plant consists of a boiler, steam turbine and generator, and other auxiliaries. The boiler generates steam at high pressure and high temperature. The steam turbine converts the heat energy of steam into mechanical energy. The generator then converts the mechanical energy into electric power.
Which boiler is used in power plant?
There are two types of boilers are used in sub critical, super critical and ultra-super critical coal fired thermal power plant: Pulverized coal-fired Boiler. Fluidized Bed combustion (FBC) boiler.
What is the basic principle of a boiler?
Working Principle of Boiler Hot gases are produced by burning fuel in the furnace. These hot gases are made to come in contact with the water vessel where the heat transfer takes place between the water and the steam. Therefore, the basic principle of the boiler is to convert water into steam by using heat energy.
What are power boilers?
Power boilers take the chemical energy stored in fuel, convert it to heat energy in the combustion process, and transfer that heat energy to water to produce steam. The transfer of energy from combustion gases to the water and steam is called heat transfer.
What is boiler firing rate?
The total fuel flow to a heater is usually measured with a flowmeter. Because all the burners in a heater are typically designed to fire at the same rate, the firing rate of an individual burner can be calculated by dividing the total firing rate of the heater by the number of burners.
Which type of water is used in boiler?
The boiler receives the feed water, which consists of varying proportion of recovered condensed water (return water) and fresh water, which has been purified in varying degrees (make up water). The make-up water is usually natural water either in its raw state, or treated by some process before use.
What is boiler steam pressure?
In most cases, it should rise to about 20 psi while its heating element operates. That’s optimal at normal temperatures. Pressure changes of a few psi one way or the other can be brought about by atmospheric conditions. Most boilers are safe up to around 30 psi, at which point seals can begin to fail.
What is the working of a power plant boiler?
This post is part of the series: Working Of A Power Plant Boiler. Boiler in a power plant has two functions. The Combustion system converts energy in coal to Heat. Water and steam system converts the heat to steam at high pressures and temperatures.
How to operate a boiler?
1 Boiler Boiler room Generate steam or hot water in a closed vessel. 2 Main steam stop On the steam outlet of a boiler Place the boiler on line or off line. 3 Guard valve On the steam outlet of a boiler directly following the main steam stop valve Guard or backup to main steam stop valve.
What are the pressure parts of a boiler?
The above are the major water and steam circuit items in a boiler and are collectively called the ‘pressure parts’. Boiler in a power plant has two functions. The Combustion system converts energy in coal to Heat. Water and steam system converts the heat to steam at high pressures and temperatures.
What is boiler and boiler principle?
Boiler uses this principle to produce high pressure steam. Conversion of Water to Steam evolves in three stages. Heating the water from cold condition to boiling point or saturation temperature – sensible heat addition. Water boils at saturation temperature to produce steam – Latent heat.addition.