How do you write a long list in an essay?
Use a new sentence or independent clause to introduce the list. Use a colon to signal that the list will be a long one, or use commas to separate items in a short list. If you have to separate the items in the list, then a semicolon splits items of over three words and items with commas in them.
How do you properly list things?
Format for ListsUse a colon to introduce the list items only if a complete sentence precedes the list. Use both opening and closing parentheses on the list item numbers or letters: (a) item, (b) item, etc.Use either regular Arabic numbers or lowercase letters within the parentheses, but use them consistently.
Do you put a comma after listing 3 things?
Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item.
Where do you put commas when listing things?
When making a list, commas are the most common way to separate one list item from the next. The final two items in the list are usually separated by “and” or “or”, which should be preceeded by a comma.
Do you put a comma after and when listing things?
If the word “and” is used to join two independent clauses, then there should be a comma before the “and” and never after it. You might want to include a comma after the “and”, but this is never correct.
Are there commas before because?
Most of the time, you should not use a comma before because when it connects two clauses in a sentence. Because is a subordinating conjunction, which means that it connects a subordinate clause to an independent clause; good style dictates that there should be no comma between these two clauses.
How do you use commas in a list of three?
When we have a list of three or more items, we use a comma to split the items in the list. This comma is known as a listing comma, e.g. I like rice, beans, and plantains.
What is a comma splice?
A comma splice occurs when you use a comma to join two complete sentences without placing an appropriate joining word between them. The comma just isn’t strong enough to do the job of making one grammatical sentence out of two.
How do you identify a comma splice?
When you join two independent clauses with a comma and no conjunction, it’s called a comma splice. Some people consider this a type of run-on sentence, while other people think of it as a punctuation error. Here’s an example of a comma splice: Koala bears are not actually bears, they are marsupials.
How do you avoid a comma splice?
Combining Clauses to Avoid Comma Splices, Run-ons, and FragmentsOPTION 1:Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction.OPTION 2: Use a semicolon.OPTION 3: Use a semicolon, transition word, and comma.OPTION 1: Use a subordinating conjunction after the independent clause.
What is the difference between comma splice and run on sentence?
A run-on sentence is made up of two or more independent clauses that are not joined correctly or which should be made into separate sentences. A run-on sentence is defined by its grammatical structure, not its length. A comma splice is the incorrect use of a comma to join two independent clauses.
Why is a comma splice wrong?
Because “when” is added to the clause, it is no longer a complete sentence on its own. This dependent clause would need to be connected to another clause to make it a complete sentence. It is incorrect to join two independent clauses with a comma. This error is called a comma splice.
What are the 5 rules to fix a run on sentence?
There are five ways to correct run-on sentences.Make two separate sentences.Use a semicolon to separate the independent clauses.Use a comma and a coordination conjunction.Use a semicolon, conjunctive adverb, and comma.Use a subordinate conjunction with one of the clauses.
What are the three types of run on sentences?
Here are three of the most common types: A comma splice happens when a comma, rather than a semicolon, has been used to join independent clauses. A fused sentence mashes two main clauses together with no punctuation at all. Polysyndeton refers to the use of more conjunctions than a sentence requires.
What are the run on sentences?
A run-on sentence occurs when two or more independent clauses (also known as complete sentences) are connected improperly. Example: I love to write papers I would write one every day if I had the time.
How do you fix sentence structure?
How to Improve Your Sentence StructureEnsure the information within the sentence is clear. Make sure to use transitional words. Use care with subordinate clauses. Use active voice. Use active verbs. Follow traditional grammatical rules.