What are the classifications of growth plate fractures?
The Salter-Harris system classifies growth plate fractures into five groups: type I, fracture through the growth plate; type II, fracture through the growth plate and metaphysis; type III, fracture through the growth plate and epiphysis; type IV, fracture through the growth plate, epiphysis and metaphysis, and type V.
Which types of fractures are associated with the Salter-Harris classifications?
The Salter-Harris classification system is a method used to grade fractures that occur in children and involve the growth plate, which is also known as the physis or physial plate. The classification system grades fractures according to the involvement of the physis, metaphysis, and epiphysis.
Which is the most common type of growth plate Salter-Harris fracture?
Type 2. This fracture occurs when the growth plate is hit and splits away from the joint along with a small piece of the bone shaft. This is the most common type and happens most often in children over 10. About 75 percent of Salter-Harris fractures are type 2.
What are the 5 types of growth plate fractures?
Types of growth plate fractures
- Transverse fractures through the growth plate (Salter 1)
- Fractures through the metaphysis and growth plate (Salter 2)
- Fractures through the epiphysis and growth plate (Salter 3)
- Fractures through the epiphysis, metaphysis and growth plate (Salter 4)
How do you manage a Salter-Harris fracture?
Treatment for all types of these fractures typically involves rest, application of ice, and elevation of the limb. Regarding further treatment, type I and II may require only setting the fracture and stabilizing it with a cast or splint, while type III and IV may require surgery to set the bones.
What is a Salter-Harris fracture 1?
A Salter-Harris fracture is a fracture in the growth plate of a child’s bone. A growth plate is a layer of growing tissue close to the ends of a child’s bone. It’s very important to get this condition diagnosed since it can affect a child’s growth.
What is a Salter Harris fracture of the growth plate?
Growth plates are made up of cartilage, which is softer and more vulnerable to injury than mature bone. A Salter-Harris I fracture goes through the plane of the growth plate, without injuring the surrounding mature bone. It is the mildest type of fracture that can occur to a growth plate.
What is a type 1 Salter-Harris fracture?
of Salter-Harris fractures are type 1. This fracture occurs when the growth plate is hit and splits away from the joint along with a small piece of the bone shaft. type and happens most often in children over 10.
What is the Peterson classification for Salter Harris fractures?
The Peterson classification adds two new fracture variants to the Salter-Harris classification. A Peterson Type I fracture is transmetaphyseal with extension into the physis, and a Peterson Type VI fracture has loss of part of the physis and typically is described as an open “lawnmower” type of injury. Open in a separate window Fig. 9
What is a type 1 growth plate fracture?
Type I is a fracture through the growth plate. The fracture line extends through the physis or within the growth plate. Type I fractures are due to the longitudinal force applied through the physis which splits the epiphysis from the metaphysis. Type II extends through the metaphysis and the growth plate.