What are the risk factors of tuberculosis in pregnancy?

What are the risk factors of tuberculosis in pregnancy?

The findings revealed socio-economic problems such as poverty and HIV/AIDS infections as the major risk factors associated with TB in pregnancy. Complications such as eclampsia and low birth weight in mothers and neonates were revealed. There is higher rate of HIV/AIDS infection among pregnant mothers with TB.

How is TB treated in pregnancy?

TB Disease – Pregnant women should start treatment as soon as TB is suspected. The preferred initial treatment regimen is INH, rifampin (RIF), and ethambutol (EMB) daily for 2 months, followed by INH and RIF daily, or twice weekly for 7 months (for a total of 9 months of treatment).

What is HD in pregnancy?

Hirschsprung’s disease (HD) is a congenital gut motility disorder caused by failed migration of colonic ganglion cells. HD is usually seen in infancy and early childhood.

When do we use TST and IGRA?

TST is preferred over IGRAs for testing children less than 5 years of age. As with TST, IGRAs generally should not be used for testing persons who have a low risk of infection and a low risk of disease due to M. tuberculosis.

Is TB test safe in pregnancy?

There is a greater risk to a pregnant woman and her baby if TB disease is not diagnosed and treated. TB skin testing is considered both valid and safe throughout pregnancy. TB blood tests also are safe to use during pregnancy, but have not been evaluated for diagnosing TB infection in pregnant women.

Can TB cause miscarriage?

Tuberculosis (TB) as the cause of spontaneous miscarriage and sepsis is extremely uncommon. The clinical presentation of TB in pregnant women is the same as non-pregnant women; however, because of non-specific presentation, there could be serious delay in the diagnosis.

How much morning sickness is normal?

It’s normal for women to experience morning sickness, even occasional vomiting. However, if morning sickness becomes so severe that you’re vomiting multiple times a day and you can’t stay hydrated, it’s important to seek immediate medical care.

What is HC in ultrasound?

Fetal growth was assessed by ultrasound. During the first trimester, crown-rump-length (CRL) was measured. In the second and third trimester of pregnancy head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC) and femur length (FL) were assessed.

What if IGRA test is positive?

A positive IGRA test means that you have been infected with tuberculosis. This does not mean that you are ill. It is believed that approximately 1/3 of the world’s population are IGRA positive without suffering from tuberculosis, meaning they have what is called latent tuberculosis infection.