What does HIV undetectable mean?

What does HIV undetectable mean?

When taken as prescribed, HIV medications can decrease the amount of HIV present in a person’s blood, or “HIV viral load”, to be too low to measure. This is called being undetectable. Being undetectable prevents HIV disease from progressing and allows people to live long and healthy lives.

Can a person with undetectable transmit HIV?

If you take HIV medicine and get and keep an undetectable viral load, you have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex.

What being undetectable means?

“Undetectable” describes when the copies of HIV in a person’s blood is so low that it does not show up on a lab test. The test measures a person’s “viral load.” “Untransmittable” means that a person living with HIV has virtually no chance of transmitting the HIV virus to someone else through sexual contact.

What is the difference between detectable and undetectable HIV?

When copies of HIV cannot be detected by standard viral load tests, an HIV-positive person is said to have an “undetectable viral load.” For most tests used clinically today, this means fewer than 50 copies of HIV per milliliter of blood (<50 copies/mL). Reaching an undetectable viral load is a key goal of ART.

What does undetectable mean HIV?

What Does “Undetectable = Untransmittable” Mean? “Undetectable” means that a test cannot detect the virus in the blood of a person living with HIV, although extremely small amounts of HIV are still present. Someone who takes HIV treatment and is “undetectable” for 6 or more continuous months does not transmit the virus through sex.

Can you get HIV from someone who is undetectable?

The agency has adopted the widely accepted position that an HIV-positive person with an undetectable viral load cannot pass the virus through unprotected sex. If you can’t detect it, you can’t transmit it. Federal officials are finally on board with that message when it comes to HIV.

How do we define “undetectable” in HIV prevention?

Taking antiretroviral treatment (ART) reduces the amount of HIV in your body.

  • With proper adherence,ART can reduce HIV to such low levels that the virus can no longer be detected in normal blood tests.
  • People with undetectable viral loads can’t pass HIV on through sex.
  • Does undetectable mean that someone is not infectious?

    Having an undetectable viral load does mean that there is not enough HIV in your body fluids to pass HIV on during sex. In other words, you are not infectious. For as long as your viral load stays undetectable, your chance of passing on HIV to a sexual partner is zero. As the campaign slogan puts it, ‘Undetectable equals Untransmittable’ or ‘U=U’.