What does the term Fordism mean?

What does the term Fordism mean?

: a technological system that seeks to increase production efficiency primarily through carefully engineered breakdown and interlocking of production operations and that depends for its success on mass production by assembly-line methods.

What is an example of post-Fordism?

One of the primary examples of specialized post-Fordist production took place in a region known as the Third Italy. The First Italy included the areas of large-scale mass production, such as Turin, Milan, and Genoa, and the Second Italy described the undeveloped South.

Was Henry Ford a capitalist?

Ford was first major industrialist to embrace the ideology of what became known as “welfare capitalism.”

What was wrong with Fordism?

Aglietta, in 1976, argued that Fordism had begun to break down in the late 1960s for two reasons. First, the capitalists were no longer able to increase productivity adequately on the assembly line. Workers resisted both individually, by absenteeism, sickness, and shoddy work, and through collective struggles.

What is post-Fordism?

It is contrasted with Fordism, the system formulated in Henry Ford ‘s automotive factories, in which workers work on a production line, performing specialized tasks repetitively, and organized through Taylorist scientific management. Definitions of the nature and scope of post-Fordism vary considerably and are a matter of debate among scholars.

What are the three schools of post-Fordism?

Post-Fordism has been applied to multiple social processes. As the theory continues to evolve, it is commonly divided into three schools of thought: the regulation school, flexible specialization, and neo-Schumpeterianism.

How did production change with the shift from Fordism to post-Fordism?

The changes in production with the shift from Fordism to post-Fordism were accompanied by changes in the economy, politics, and prominent ideologies. In the economic realm, post-Fordism brought the decline of regulation and production by the nation-state and the rise of global markets and corporations.

Is flexible specialization post-Fordism?

Proponents of the flexible specialization approach (also known as the neo-Smithian approach) to post-Fordism believe that fundamental changes in the international economy, especially in the early 1970s, forced firms to switch from mass production to a new tactic known as flexible specialization.