What is meant by Jansenism?

What is meant by Jansenism?

Definition of Jansenism 1 : a system of doctrine based on moral determinism, defended by various reformist factions among 17th and 18th century western European Roman Catholic clergy, religious, and scholars, and condemned as heretical by papal authority. 2 : a puritanical attitude (as toward sex)

What was the pope’s opinion of the Jansenists?

The papacy struck out against Jansenism in 1653 with the publication of the bull Cum occasione (“With Occasion”) by Innocent X, which condemned five of Jansen’s propositions on the relationship of grace and freedom.

What are the beliefs of Jansenism?

Jansenism was an early modern theological movement within Catholicism, primarily active in the Kingdom of France, that emphasized original sin, human depravity, the necessity of divine grace, and predestination. It was declared a heresy by the Roman Catholic Church.

Why is Jansenism a heresy?

The heresy of Jansenism, as stated by subsequent Roman Catholic doctrine, lay in denying the role of free will in the acceptance and use of grace. Jansenism asserts that God’s role in the infusion of grace cannot be resisted and does not require human assent.

Is the pope a Jesuit?

After his novitiate in the Society of Jesus, Bergoglio officially became a Jesuit on 12 March 1960, when he made the religious profession of the initial, perpetual vows of poverty, chastity and obedience of a member of the order.

What is quietism Christianity?

Quietism, a doctrine of Christian spirituality that, in general, holds that perfection consists in passivity (quiet) of the soul, in the suppression of human effort so that divine action may have full play.

What is the heresy of quietism?

The “Quietist” heresy was seen to consist of wrongly elevating “contemplation” over “meditation”, intellectual stillness over vocal prayer, and interior passivity over pious action in an account of mystical prayer, spiritual growth and union with God (one in which, the accusation ran, there existed the possibility of …