What is NRC and CAA Act?
The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) 2019, when viewed in combination with the Modi government’s intention to compile a National Register of Citizens (NRC) for India, will create a situation where being a Muslim and document-less could deprive one of citizenship rights.
Is CAA legal?
The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) is “perfectly legal and constitutional”, the government today told the Supreme Court, asserting that the citizenship law was a matter concerning the sovereign power of parliament and “could not be questioned” before the court.
How many laws are there in India 2020?
The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution for a country, containing 450 articles, 12 schedules, 103 amendments and 117,369 words.
What is CAA in simple words?
The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), 2019 has been passed by the Lok Sabha on 9 December 2019. The purpose of this bill is to give Indian citizenship to illegal migrants of 6 communities i.e. Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Christian, Parsi, and Jain) belong to Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
Is CAA against the Constitution?
The CAA is perfectly legal and Constitutional. Under Article 246 of the Constitution, the Parliament has got the exclusive power to make laws with respect to any matters listed in the list one in 7thSchedule, in that, item 17 is to do with citizenship and naturalisation of aliens.
What is the problem with CAA?
The CAA excludes Muslims in two ways. It highlights the persecution of non-Muslims in neighbouring Muslim countries and, at the same time, does not include Muslims in the list of preferred migrants. This exclusion is seen as a violation of Article 14 (equality before law) and Article 25 (Freedom of religion).
What are the 5 main sources of law?
Key Takeaways The sources of law are ranked as follows: first, constitutional; second, statutory; and third, case law. Although it is technically ranked the lowest, judicial review makes case law an extremely powerful source of law. The purpose of the US and state constitutions is to regulate government action.
Why is CAA wrong?
WHY CAA IS CONSIDERED DISCRIMINATORY: CAA violates Constitutional secular principles and is a violation of Articles 13, 14, 15, 16 and 21 which guarantee the right to equality, equality before the law and non-discriminatory treatment by the Indian State. CAA is about illegal migrants.
How many type of laws are there?
There are five types of legal system i.e. civil law; common law; customary law; religious law and mixed law. In Indian Judicial System there are four types of law. The Criminal law is enforced by the police.
What are the 3 fundamental laws?
Laws of thought, traditionally, the three fundamental laws of logic: (1) the law of contradiction, (2) the law of excluded middle (or third), and (3) the principle of identity. The three laws can be stated symbolically as follows.
What is NRC Act?
National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a citizen register, in which names of every citizen of India is recorded. The creation of NRC is mandatory as per The Citizenship Act, 1955.
What are two types of laws?
- There are two types of law – civil and criminal.
- Criminal – state or federal prosecutors bring a case against a person charged with a major crime, called a felony.
- Civil – deals with lawsuits brought by individuals or the government against other individuals, organizations or companies.
Can Supreme Court reject CAA?
Supreme Court refuses to stay Citizenship Amendment Act without hearing government.
Who can use the title Esquire?
The title Esquire (often abbreviated as “Esq.) is a term typically used in the United States to designate a person who may practice law. The title Esquire, which may apply to a man or a woman, goes after the name of the person.
Who wrote Indian law?
|Constitution of India|
|Author(s)||Benegal Narsing Rau Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly B. R. Ambedkar Chairman of the Drafting Committee Surendra Nath Mukherjee Chief Draftsman of the Constituent Assembly and other members of Constituent Assembly|
|Signatories||284 members of the Constituent Assembly|
What are 5 types of laws?
In the United States, the law is derived from five sources: constitutional law, statutory law, treaties, administrative regulations, and the common law (which includes case law).
What exactly is CAA?
The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) aims to fast-track citizenship for six persecuted minority communities — Hindus, Parsis, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Christians — who arrived in India on or before December 31, 2014 from Muslim-majority Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
What is the new act in India?
The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December 2019….
|Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019|
|Introduced by||Amit Shah, Minister of Home Affairs|
|First reading||9 December 2019|
|Second reading||10 December 2019|
Why is CAA needed?
CAA’s avowed objective is to enable conferment of Indian citizenship upon members of minority communities who hail from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan. How can Parliament be faulted for coming to a conclusion that such minorities in the three named neighbours need to be protected?
How does CAA violate 14?
A retired member of judiciary in an article in a leading daily has stated that CAA violates Article 14 on all three counts of reasonable classification, arbitrariness in state action and treating people unequally without reason.
Which article is violated by CAA?
The CAA violates Article 14 of the Constitution, which guarantees equal protection of laws, even to non-citizens.