What is the capital of column?

What is the capital of column?

In architecture the capital (from the Latin caput, or “head”) or chapiter forms the topmost member of a column (or a pilaster). It mediates between the column and the load thrusting down upon it, broadening the area of the column’s supporting surface.

What is base of column?

Base. The base is the lowest part or division of a column. Egyptian and Greek Doric columns were typically placed directly on the floor without a base.

What are column bases explain different type of column bases?

The column bases shall be of adequate strength, stiffness and area to spread the load upon the concrete, masonry, other foundation or other supports without exceeding the allowable stress on such foundation under any combination of the load and bending moments. The column bases are of two types; Slab base, and.

How do you change column bases?

Use construction adhesive between the bottom of the shaft and the new base. If the column shaft remains installed, have someone hold the column up while you remove the temporary support (the support holding the shaft up NOT the soffit) and slide the replacement base in place.

What are the parts of a column?

A column consists of a shaft together with its base and its capital. The column supports a section of an entablature, which constitutes the upper horizontal part of a classical building and is itself composed of (from bottom to top) an architrave, frieze, and cornice.

What are parts of a column?

What is lacing and battening?

Lacing is generally preferred in case of eccentric loads. Battening is normally used for axially loaded columns and in sections where the components are not far apart. Flat bars are generally used for lacing. Angles, channels and tubular sections are also used for lacing of very heavily columns.

What is slab base column?

Slab bases are used where the columns have independent concrete pedestals and when the column is subjected to only direct loads of less intensity and no bending moment. Along with thick steel base plate there are also two cleat angles, which connects the flanges of the column to the base plate.

What is a column capital?

A column capital is the top piece of the column. It is the part of the column that directly bears the load of the structure it supports. Capitals typically have a great deal of intricate design on their capitals that compliment not only the column but the rest of the building.

What are the capitals and bases made of?

Our millwork artisans hand craft our caps and bases to the exacting standards of the Classical Orders of Architecture from the finest quality materials available. Capitals are available in fiberglass, synthetic stone, poly/marble composite, GFRC, polyurethane, and wood capitals for paint or stain to match each of our column lines.

Can I purchase individual bases for my columns?

Individual bases can be purchased for use on both the tapered and no-taper columns. HB&G offers both standard and decorative bases to fit your needs.

What are the different parts of a column?

Columns are composed of three main parts: column, base, and capital. What Exactly is a Column Capital? A column capital is the top piece of the column. It is the part of the column that directly bears the load of the structure it supports.