What is the message of on the duty of civil disobedience?
In Civil Disobedience, Thoreau’s basic premise is that a higher law than civil law demands the obedience of the individual. Human law and government are subordinate. In cases where the two are at odds with one another, the individual must follow his conscience and, if necessary, disregard human law.
What are some aphorisms in Civil Disobedience?
Aphorism #3: “There will never be a really free and enlightened state, until the state comes to recognize the individual as the higher and independent power, from which all its own purpose and authority are derived.”
What does Thoreau use as a metaphor for government?
Thoreau then returns to the metaphor of the government-as-machine. He says that if an injustice is part of the “necessary friction” of the “machine of government,” then it should be left alone.
What is an example of Gandhi’s acts of civil disobedience?
On March 12, 1930, Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi begins a defiant march to the sea in protest of the British monopoly on salt, his boldest act of civil disobedience yet against British rule in India. Britain’s Salt Acts prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt, a staple in the Indian diet.
What is Civil Disobedience Movement class 10?
Hint: The Civil disobedience movement was one of the Indian National Movement when people started protesting against the British government because of their harsh policies and rules. Complete Step by Step answer: The feeling of Nationalism in India came with the anti-colonial movement.
Who wrote Happiness is like a butterfly?
“Happiness is like a butterfly, the more you chase it, the more it will elude, but if you turn your attention to other things, it will come and sit softly on your shoulder.” Henry David Thoreau.
What is the rhetorical effect of aphorisms?
Through aphorisms, writers and speakers can teach universal truths to audiences, allowing them to relate to the world around them and the words of the writer. Aphorisms are often used in motivational speeches for increased understanding and relatability of the audience.
What is the aim of civil disobedience?
It is a non-violent way to address the unjust state of affairs. Resisting oppressive regimes through peaceful means is a characteristic feature of civil disobedience. The aim is to bring social change and end the unruly system of the powerful authority.
Is civil disobedience an instrument of social change?
Indeed, civil disobedience is an instrument of social change and can be used for betterment of society and individuals. It can help bring awareness about unfair practices meted to the weaker sections of society.
Should agents engaged in civil disobedience be punished more severely?
Such risk of proliferation of civil disobedience and, further, of its escalation into lawlessness and violence, may support the imposition of more severe punishment for agents engaged in civil disobedience.
What is an example of indirect civil disobedience?
For example, refusing to pay taxes that support the military could be seen as either indirect or direct civil disobedience against military policy. Although this act typically would be classified as indirect disobedience, a part of one’s taxes, in this case, would have gone directly to support the policy one opposes.