What is the purpose of the Hammer of Witches?

What is the purpose of the Hammer of Witches?

The ‘Malleus Maleficarum’ (Hammer of Witches) is a text like no other. Published in the late 15th century, it provided a guide for hunting and persecuting witches that would heavily influence the next 200 years of the European witch craze. It is one of the great landmarks in the history of witchcraft.

What does the Malleus Maleficarum say?

The Malleus Maleficarum asserts that three elements are necessary for witchcraft: the evil intentions of the witch, the help of the Devil, and the permission of God.

Who wrote the Malleus Maleficarum?

Heinrich Kramer
Jacob Sprenger
Malleus Maleficarum/Authors

When was the Malleus Maleficarum written?

The Malleus Maleficarum (“Hammer of Witches”) is a famous treatise on witches written in 1486 by Heinrich Kramer, an Inquisitor of the Catholic Church. Jacob Sprenger is also often attributed as an author. The Malleus Maleficarum was first published by Peter Drach in Speier, Germany, in 1487.

What was the swimming test?

Swimming Test As part of the infamous “swimming test,” accused witches were dragged to the nearest body of water, stripped to their undergarments, bound and then tossed in to to see if they would sink or float.

Who was the last person accused of witchcraft in Salem?

On September 22, Martha Cory went to the gallows along with seven other convicted witches, in what would be the last hangings of the Salem Witch Trials.

What kind of document is Malleus Maleficarum?

Malleus maleficarum, detailed legal and theological document (c. 1486) regarded as the standard handbook on witchcraft, including its detection and its extirpation, until well into the 18th century. Its appearance did much to spur on and sustain some two centuries of witch-hunting hysteria in Europe.

What does Maleficium meaning?

Maleficium (plural: maleficia) as a Latin term, “An act of witchcraft performed with the intention of causing damage or injury; the resultant harm.” In general, the term applies to any magical act intended to cause harm or death to people or property.

Who was the most famous witch hunter?

Matthew Hopkins
Matthew Hopkins ( c. 1620 – 12 August 1647) was an English witch-hunter whose career flourished during the English Civil War.

Why did Kramer fail to get endorsement from the Inquisition?

Kramer failed in his attempt to obtain endorsement for this work from the top theologians of the Inquisition at the Faculty of Cologne, and they condemned the book as recommending unethical and illegal procedures, as well as being inconsistent with Catholic doctrines of demonology.

Who was Heinrich Kramer?

In 1485 he drew up a treatise on witchcraft which was incorporated Heinrich Kramer also known under the Latinized name Henricus Institoris, was a German churchman and inquisitor. Born in Sélestat, Alsace, he joined the Dominican Order at an early age and while still a young man was appointed Prior of the Dominican house of his native town.

Why did Kramer stay in Innsbruck during the trial?

During her trial, as Kramer focused heavily on the sexuality of Scheuberin, he was accused by the bishop of having “presumed much that had not been proved”. Kramer remained in Innsbruck to continue the investigation, collect evidence, and interrogate suspected witches.

What curse was given to Kramer in the city?

Right after Kramer had arrived in the city, she had passed him in the street, spatted and cursed him publicly: “Fie on you, you bad monk, may the falling evil take you”.