How is a chondral defect treated?
Cell-based therapy is a promising approach using the patient’s own cells for the treatment of chondral defects. There are marrow stimulating procedures and autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI). Marrow stimulating procedures include abrasion arthroplasty, drilling, and microfracture.
What does full-thickness chondral defect mean?
A chondral defect refers to a focal area of damage to the articular cartilage (the cartilage that lines the end of the bones).
Can a chondral defect heal itself?
Because cartilage does not heal itself well, doctors have developed surgical techniques to stimulate the growth of new cartilage. Restoring articular cartilage can relieve pain and allow better function.
How do you treat full-thickness of cartilage loss?
Treatment of Cartilage Defects In the case of global thinning of the cartilage such as seen with osteoarthritis, the treatment is typically conservative including rest, ice, anti-inflammatory medication, cortisone injection, and physical therapy or a home exercise program.
What is full-thickness chondral wear?
Cartilage, or chondral, damage is known as a lesion and can range from a soft spot on the cartilage (Grade I lesion) or a small tear in the top layer to an extensive tear that extends all the way to the bone (Grade IV or “full-thickness” lesion).
How long does microfracture surgery take?
Arthroscopic microfracture usually takes about 30 to 45 minutes to perform and is normally done on an outpatient basis. You will either be put under general anesthesia or be numbed from the waist down with a spinal anesthesia.
What does full-thickness cartilage loss in the hip mean?
Full-thickness chondral and osteochondral defects in the hip are painful, causing mechanical. symptoms and inflammation as a result of cartilage breakdown. In addition, these defects progress. over time from increased mechanical stress on the surrounding cartilage and from the increased. intra-articular inflammation.
What is full thickness chondral wear?
What does full thickness cartilage loss in the hip mean?
What does full thickness cartilage mean?
Full-thickness (clear through the cartilage to the bone) can be especially problematic. Patients are often unable to cope with the pain. In fact, a recent study from Norway comparing patients with chondrocyte (cartilage cell) damage to other knee problems was published.
How is Chondrosis treated?
Arthroscopic surgery to remove damaged and inflamed tissue. Surgical stabilization of the cartilage defect may be needed. Surgical stimulation to replace lost cartilage is successful in cases where the surrounding cartilage is healthy.