What causes methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus?
MRSA is usually spread in the community by contact with infected people or things that are carrying the bacteria. This includes through contact with a contaminated wound or by sharing personal items, such as towels or razors, that have touched infected skin.
What does Staphylococcus aureus cause?
It is the leading cause of skin and soft tissue infections such as abscesses (boils), furuncles, and cellulitis. Although most staph infections are not serious, S. aureus can cause serious infections such as bloodstream infections, pneumonia, or bone and joint infections.
What can MRSA lead to?
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Staph bacteria are usually harmless, but they can cause serious infections that can lead to sepsis or death. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a cause of staph infection that is difficult to treat because of resistance to some antibiotics.
What causes Staphylococcus?
The cause of a staph infection is staph bacteria entering the body. They can enter through an open wound or when a person ingests food that has become contaminated with the bacteria. Staph bacteria might enter a person’s body as a result of them: picking or scratching at pimples, sores, or bumps on the skin.
What is a MSSA infection?
MSSA stands for methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus. Staph is the shortened name for Staphylococcus (staf-uh-low-KAH-kus), a type of bacteria. MSSA is a strain of staph bacteria that responds well to medicines used to treat staph infections.
What toxins are produced by Staphylococcus aureus?
Amongst the more common toxins secreted by S. aureus are hemolysin, leukotoxin, exfoliative toxin, enterotoxin, and toxic-shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1). Aside from toxins, staphylococcal virulence factors also include enzymes and surface proteins.
Which of the following is typically due to a staphylococcal infection?
Staphylococcus aureus is the most pathogenic; it typically causes skin infections and sometimes pneumonia, endocarditis, and osteomyelitis. It commonly leads to abscess formation. Some strains elaborate toxins that cause gastroenteritis, scalded skin syndrome, and toxic shock syndrome.
How is Staphylococcus aureus transmitted?
aureus is spread by touching infected blood or body fluids, most often by contaminated hands.