What did Jean-Jacques Rousseau do quizlet?
Jean-Jacques Rousseau ( 28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the Enlightenment in France and across Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the overall development of modern political and educational thought.
Which of the following contributions did Jean-Jacques Rousseau make to Enlightenment ideas quizlet?
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) was a French philosopher and writer of the Age of Enlightenment. His Political Philosophy, particularly his formulation of social contract theory (or Contractarianism), strongly influenced the French Revolution and the development of Liberal, Conservative and Socialist theory.
Who is Montesquieu quizlet?
Montesquieu or Charles de Secondat, was a French philosophe, who lived in the early to mid 1700s, he was also a nobleman and judge. He also wrote the Persian Letters in 1721 comparing governments. In 1748 he published The Spirit of the Laws and explained the separation of powers.
What was Rousseau’s idea of government quizlet?
Rousseau believed that the only good government was one that was freely formed by the people and guided by the “general will” of society—a direct democracy. He believed that laws existed to preserve social order, not to avenge crimes.
What did Rousseau believe is the ideal way of making laws?
Rousseau believed that the ideal way of making laws for government was through a direct democracy where all citizens directly voted on laws and every vote counted.
What is Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s point of view?
Rousseau argued that the general will of the people could not be decided by elected representatives. He believed in a direct democracy in which everyone voted to express the general will and to make the laws of the land. Rousseau had in mind a democracy on a small scale, a city-state like his native Geneva.
What idea was central to the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau quizlet?
What is Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s main idea? To renounce liberty, is to renounce being a man.
Why is Montesquieu important quizlet?
Montesquieu was a great political philosopher of the Enlightenment who believed that the best government was one that had separation of powers and a system of checks and balances. He believed that this form of government would keep one individual or group from gaining total control of the government.
What is Baron de Montesquieu known for quizlet?
Baron de Montesquieu was a French lawyer and one of the most important political philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment. His political work, especially the idea of separation of powers shaped the democratic government. Montesquieu published a political theory anonymously, The Spirit of the Laws.
Why is Voltaire important quizlet?
Known as Voltaire. Was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.
What did Voltaire believe quizlet?
Voltaire believed in a government with tolerance, reason, freedom of belief, and freedom of speech.