What does a smooth upper lip mean?
A flattened or smooth philtrum may be a symptom of fetal alcohol syndrome or Prader–Willi syndrome. A study of boys diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders found that a broader than average philtrum is one of a cluster of physical attributes associated with autism.
Is smooth philtrum always FAS?
All patients diagnosed with FAS had small palpebral fissures, a smooth philtrum (rank 4 or 5) and a thin upper lip (rank 4 or 5).
What is normal philtrum?
A short philtrum is a shorter than normal distance between the upper lip and the nose. The physical landmarks of the human face are very similar from one face to another. The philtrum is the midline groove in the upper lip that runs from the top of the lip to the nose.
What is the dip above your lip called?
The philtrum is the vertical groove between the nose and upper lip.
How do you know if your child has fetal alcohol syndrome?
Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip. Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers. Slow physical growth before and after birth. Vision difficulties or hearing problems.
What does it mean to have a deep philtrum?
Definition. Accentuated, prominent philtral ridges giving rise to an exaggerated groove in the midline between the nasal base and upper vermillion border. [ from HPO]
Is a short philtrum more attractive?
So in women, small but not receding chins, narrow jaws and short philtrums (the space between the nose and upper lip) are a sign of femininity and fertility and make females appear prettier.
Is a defined Cupid’s bow good?
The peaks of the bow reach up to the philtral columns – the natural groove in everyone’s face just beneath the nose. Heavily defined cupid’s bows are considered the most desirable lips in the world – and Taylor Swift and Rihanna are the proud owners of this feature.
Can a smile change the shape of the lip and philtrum?
A smile can alter lip thinness and philtrum smoothness. This is the same person with and without a smile. Note that without a smile, the lip and philtrum would both receive a correct Likert Rank of #2 on the Caucasian Lip-Philtrum Guide. With a smile, the lip and philtrum would both receive an incorrect Likert Rank of #5.
How do you rank lip thinness and philtrum smoothness?
The frontal photos are used to rank lip thinness. The frontal and 3/4 view photos are used to rank philtrum smoothness. These digital images are intended to be loaded on a smartphone or computer tablet; devices that are small enough to hold next to the patient’s face when you measure their features. Please do not print these digital images.
What is smooth philtrum?
Smooth philtrum is flat skin surface, with no ridge formation in the central region of the upper lip between the nasal base and upper vermilion border.
What is the size of a Lip Philtrum Guide?
The Laminated Format of Lip-Philtrum Guides 1 and 2. The laminated Guides are 8.5 inches by 4.5 inches in size and are held next to the patient’s face to measure the philtrum and lip. On the back side of each guide are the face and height-weight tables from the FASD4-Digit Diagnostic Guide (2004).