What does it mean to reason empirically?
what does it mean to reason empirically? base conclusions on systematic (un-biased) observations. explain what “consumer of research” and “producer of research” roles have in common and describe how they differ.
What do you call the information gathered experiment?
Answer: Data. Explanation: It information gathered during experiment is known as data.
Why are dependent and independent variables?
The independent variable is the cause. Its value is independent of other variables in your study. The dependent variable is the effect. Its value depends on changes in the independent variable.
What is the scientific method used for?
When conducting research, scientists use the scientific method to collect measurable, empirical evidence in an experiment related to a hypothesis (often in the form of an if/then statement), the results aiming to support or contradict a theory.
What is the correct scientific method?
The process in the scientific method involves making conjectures (hypotheses), deriving predictions from them as logical consequences, and then carrying out experiments or empirical observations based on those predictions.
What are the three criteria that are required for a causal claim quizlet?
Causal claims must satisfy 3 criteria. 1) It must establish that the two variables (the cause variable and he outcome variable) are correlated; the relationship cannot be zero. 3) The claim must establish that no other explanations exist for the relationship.
Why do confounding variables threaten the validity of a research study?
A confounding variable is an extraneous variable that obscures the true relation between two other variables or groups of interest. It hinders the ability to infer a causal relation between the variables and can lead to misattributing a causal effect to the independent variable (a threat to internal validity).
What is the fourth step of scientific method?
The fourth step in the scientific method is testing. This is usually done via an experiment. Experiments are often done more than once in order to get…
How does research overcome the problem of confounds?
How does research overcome the problem of confounds? Research focuses on one possible explanation for the results. Research uses intuition to detect potential confounds. Research systematically compares multiple conditions.
What do you call the information which you enter into the computer?
Data which is raw facts that you the user enter into the computer is called input. This includes; words, numbers, sound and pictures. When the data is entered into the computer, the computer processes the data to produce information which is output.
Which if the following is used to reduce the effects of confounding variables in experiments?
There are several methods you can use to decrease the impact of confounding variables on your research: restriction, matching, statistical control and randomization. In restriction, you restrict your sample by only including certain subjects that have the same values of potential confounding variables.
When can we consider if a variable is dependent and independent?
An easy way to think of independent and dependent variables is, when you’re conducting an experiment, the independent variable is what you change, and the dependent variable is what changes because of that. You can also think of the independent variable as the cause and the dependent variable as the effect.
What are the 7 steps of the scientific method in order?
Terms in this set (7)
- Problem/Questions. Think of a question or a problem that can be solved through an experiment.
- Observation/Research. Make observations and research your problem.
- Make an Hypothesis. Predict a possible answer to the problem or question.
- Collect Data.
- Analyze Results.
- Communicate the Results.
What are the different kinds of variables?
There are six common variable types:
- DEPENDENT VARIABLES.
- INDEPENDENT VARIABLES.
- INTERVENING VARIABLES.
- MODERATOR VARIABLES.
- CONTROL VARIABLES.
- EXTRANEOUS VARIABLES.
How important is it for the researcher to identify the type of variables?
Answer. The importance of dependent and independent variables is that they guide the researchers to per sue their studies with maximum curiosity. Dependent and independent variables are important because they drive the research process.
What is the correct order for the steps in the scientific method?
The scientific method has five basic steps, plus one feedback step:
- Make an observation.
- Ask a question.
- Form a hypothesis, or testable explanation.
- Make a prediction based on the hypothesis.
- Test the prediction.
- Iterate: use the results to make new hypotheses or predictions.
What is the correct order of the steps in the scientific method quizlet?
Terms in this set (6)
- Step One: Ask a Question. Develop a question or problem that can be solved through experimentation.
- Step Two: Form a Hypothesis. Predict a possible answer to the problem or question.
- Step Three: Test the Hypothasis.
- Step Four: Analyze the Results.
- Step Five: Draw a conclustion.
- Step Six: Share the Results.