# What does the T represent?

## What does the T represent?

Answer: It is derived from the Semitic letters. In English, it is most commonly used to represent the voiceless alveolar plosive, a sound it also denotes in the International Phonetic Alphabet.

## What is a typical sample size for a qualitative study?

While some experts in qualitative research avoid the topic of “how many” interviews “are enough,” there is indeed variability in what is suggested as a minimum. An extremely large number of articles, book chapters, and books recommend guidance and suggest anywhere from 5 to 50 participants as adequate.

## What is the difference between Tukey and Bonferroni?

For those wanting to control the Type I error rate he suggests Bonferroni or Tukey and says (p. 374): Bonferroni has more power when the number of comparisons is small, whereas Tukey is more powerful when testing large numbers of means.

## What is a high T-value?

Higher values of the t-value, also called t-score, indicate that a large difference exists between the two sample sets. The smaller the t-value, the more similarity exists between the two sample sets. A large t-score indicates that the groups are different.

## How do you determine a sample size?

How to Find a Sample Size Given a Confidence Interval and Width (unknown population standard deviation)

1. za/2: Divide the confidence interval by two, and look that area up in the z-table: .95 / 2 = 0.475.
2. E (margin of error): Divide the given width by 2. 6% / 2.
3. : use the given percentage. 41% = 0.41.
4. : subtract. from 1.

## Why is the sample size in qualitative studies generally smaller than in quantitative research?

Qualitative studies use more accurate information collection methods than quantitative studies. Qualitative research does not involve as many variables as quantitative research. The sample size needed for a qualitative study depends on how quickly data saturation is reached.

## How do you report F statistics?

The key points are as follows:

1. Set in parentheses.
2. Uppercase for F.
3. Lowercase for p.
4. Italics for F and p.
5. F-statistic rounded to three (maybe four) significant digits.
6. F-statistic followed by a comma, then a space.
7. Space on both sides of equal sign and both sides of less than sign.

## How do you find the sample mean in statistics?

How to calculate the sample mean

1. Add up the sample items.
2. Divide sum by the number of samples.
3. The result is the mean.
4. Use the mean to find the variance.
5. Use the variance to find the standard deviation.

## What is the F critical value?

The F-statistic is computed from the data and represents how much the variability among the means exceeds that expected due to chance. An F-statistic greater than the critical value is equivalent to a p-value less than alpha and both mean that you reject the null hypothesis.

## Which post hoc test should I use?

Which post hoc test should I use? There are a great number of different post hoc tests that you can use. However, you should only run one post hoc test – do not run multiple post hoc tests. If your data met the assumption of homogeneity of variances, use Tukey’s honestly significant difference (HSD) post hoc test.

## What is S in the t-test formula?

T-test formula In this formula, t is the t-value, x1 and x2 are the means of the two groups being compared, s2 is the pooled standard error of the two groups, and n1 and n2 are the number of observations in each of the groups.

## What is the symbol of the sample size?

n = sample size, number of data points.

## Does sample size affect t test?

The sample size for a t-test determines the degrees of freedom (DF) for that test, which specifies the t-distribution. The overall effect is that as the sample size decreases, the tails of the t-distribution become thicker.

standard error

## How do you solve a t-test step by step?

Independent T- test

1. Step 1: Assumptions.
2. Step 2: State the null and alternative hypotheses.
3. Step 3: Determine the characteristics of the comparison distribution.
4. Step 4: Determine the significance level.
5. Step 5: Calculate Test Statistic.
6. Step 6.1: Conclude (Statiscal way)
7. Step 6.2: Conclude (English)

## What is a good sample size for t test?

As a rough rule of thumb, many statisticians say that a sample size of 30 is large enough. If you know something about the shape of the sample distribution, you can refine that rule. The sample size is large enough if any of the following conditions apply. The population distribution is normal.

## How do t tests work?

Each type of t-test uses a procedure to boil all of your sample data down to one value, the t-value. The calculations compare your sample mean(s) to the null hypothesis and incorporates both the sample size and the variability in the data.

## What does Tukey test tell you?

The Tukey HSD (“honestly significant difference” or “honest significant difference”) test is a statistical tool used to determine if the relationship between two sets of data is statistically significant – that is, whether there’s a strong chance that an observed numerical change in one value is causally related to an …