What is the temporoparietal junction?

What is the temporoparietal junction?

The human temporoparietal junction (TPJ) is a supramodal association area located at the intersection of the posterior end of the superior temporal sulcus, the inferior parietal lobule, and the lateral occipital cortex.

What is the temporal parietal junction important for?

The superior temporal sulcus, and often the temporoparietal junction, is a brain region that is important for numerous aspects of social cognition. This region is typically active during tasks of cognitive empathy and perspective-taking (Frith & Frith, 2006; Saxe & Kanwisher, 2003).

Where is the right temporoparietal junction?

The brain’s temporoparietal junction has two halves. The right TPJ exists where the temporal and parietal lobes meet in the brain’s right hemisphere; the left TPJ falls where these same brain regions meet the left hemisphere. On both sides of the brain, the TPJ can be found near the lateral sulcus (Sylvian fissure).

What is temporoparietal cortex?

The temporoparietal junction is a cortical hub for various aspects of spatial perception including visuospatial attention, heading perception, visual gravitational motion, sense of embodiment, self-localization, and egocentricity (5, 6, 24–35).

What does the prefrontal lobe do?

The prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays a central role in cognitive control functions, and dopamine in the PFC modulates cognitive control, thereby influencing attention, impulse inhibition, prospective memory, and cognitive flexibility.

What is temporal parietal?

1. Introduction. The temporal-parietal junction (TPJ) is a region of the cerebral cortex placed on the border between the temporal and parietal lobes [1].

What causes damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex?

Damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (especially in the right hemisphere) has been connected with deficits in detecting irony, sarcasm, and deception. Subjects with damage in this area have been found to be more easily influenced by misleading advertising.

What is the temporoparietal junction in the brain?

The brain consists of multiple lobes including the frontal lobe, the parietal lobe, the temporal lobe, and the occipital lobe. The place where the temporal and parietal lobes come together is called the temporoparietal junction. Jon Kabat-Zinn Teaches Mindfulness and Meditation

Does the right temporoparietal junction control social cognition?

Address correspondence to Caroline Catmur. Email: [email protected] Controlling neural representations of the self and other people is fundamental to social cognition. Brain imaging studies have implicated the right temporoparietal junction (rTPJ) in this ability, but causal evidence for its role is lacking.

Is the right temporoparietal junction recruited for empathy?

A number of meta-analyses have demonstrated the recruitment of the right temporoparietal junction (rTPJ) in perspective-taking, theory of mind, and empathy ( Decety and Sommerville 2003; Decety and Lamm 2007; van Overwalle 2009 ).

Do left and right temporomandibular joints perform the same social cognitive processes?

There is currently some causal evidence for the involvement of the left TPJ in social cognition ( Samson et al. 2004; Spengler et al. 2010 ); however, it is not yet clear whether left and right TPJ perform the same or different social cognitive processes.