What is Toria in agriculture?
Toria (Brassica campestris L.) is an important short duration oilseed crop of Arunachal Pradesh cultivated during kharif season after harvest of paddy but the productivity is very poor (520 kg/ha) which is much below the nation at average of 1176 kg/ha (Pati and Mahapatra, 2015).
In which soil does mustard grow?
Soil Requirements for Mustard Farming:- Mustard can be grown in wide varieties of soils that ranges from light to heavy loamy soils. Medium to deep soils with good drainage is best suitable for mustard cultivation. Soil ideal pH range for Mustard is 6.0 to 7.5.
In what climate does mustard grow?
Climate: Mustard is a cool season crop that can be grown in a short growing season. Varieties of yellow mustard usually mature in 80 to 85 days whereas brown and oriental types require 90 to 95 days. Seedlings are usually somewhat tolerant to mild frosts after emergence, but severe frosts can destroy the crop.
What is the difference between Toria and mustard?
Sarson and toria (lahi) are generally termed as rapeseed, rai or raya or laha is termed as mustard. The seed and oil are used as condiment in the preparation of pickles and for flavouring curries and vegetables. The oil is utilized for human consumption throughout northern India in cooking and frying purposes.
What is rapeseed India?
Rapeseed, popularly known as mustard in India, has the highest oil content (35-40%) among the country’s nine main oilseeds, including groundnut, sunflower and soybeans. Early maturing rapeseed crop is sown from mid-September to October, while the sowing of late-maturing varieties continues until mid-November.
What is the use of mustard?
Mustard is used as a food flavoring, for forage, as an emetic, and diuretic, as well as a topical treatment for inflammatory conditions such as arthritis and rheumatism.
What is the best fertilizer for mustard?
Nitrogen (N) is essential for vigorous growth, high yield and quality of mustard. Nitrogen is essential in the production of plant proteins and chlorophyll, and is needed in the greatest amount compared to the other macronutrients.
Where do mustard plants grow?
Mustard is primarily grown in Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon and Washington. Yellow mustard varieties usually mature in 80 to 85 days, while brown and oriental varieties typically require 90 to 95 days to mature. Mustard is best adapted to grow in fertile, well-drained, loamy soils.
Where are mustard plants grown?
Mustard is unusual among spices in that it is mainly grown in the temperate regions of the world, principally on the Canadian and U.S. Great Plains, in Hungary and in Britain, and in lesser amounts in other countries. In the main producing countries, the crop production of mustard is fully mechanized.
What is the rainfall of mustard?
Annual rainfall about more than 600-1000 mm is sufficient for its cultivation. Sandy to heavy clay soil is suitable for mustard crop but alluvial loam is best soil for mustard cultivation.
Which species is called as Toria?
D) Brassica Napus: Commonly known as Rape/Toria. It is cultivated for oil – rich seeds. Rapeseed is the third – largest service of vegetable oil and second largest source of protein in the world.
How much mustard is produced per acre?
Economics of Mustard Cultivation On an average the yield per acre is 6-8 quintals. Average crop duration of these seeds is 120-125 days approximately. In India nearly 98-99% of the cultivated area comprises hybrid seeds.