Why did the Hasmonean dynasty fall?
After the Parthians’ defeat, Herod was victorious over his rival in 37 BCE. Antigonus was delivered to Antony and executed shortly thereafter. The Romans assented to Herod’s proclamation as King of the Jews, bringing about the end of the Hasmonean rule over Judea.
Are Hasmoneans descendants of David?
The Hasmonean and Herodian periods The Hasmoneans, also known as the Maccabees, established their own monarchy in Judea following their revolt against the Hellenistic Seleucid dynasty. The Hasmoneans were not considered connected to the Davidic line nor to the Tribe of Judah.
Who was the first Hasmonean priest?
Then in 152, Jonathan, a son of Mattathias, became the first Hasmonean high priest; members from his family retained the office until 37 (and briefly again in 35) B.C.E. meaning a chief priest. 1 Maccabees 7:5 says he wished to be high priest, and according to v. 14 he was a priest from Aaron’s line.
What is Hasmoneans in the Bible?
The Hasmoneans were a dynasty of Jewish kings that fought to liberate Judea from Seleucid rule and created an independent state. The family’s name was apparently derived from an unknown ancestor named Ḥashmonay (Gk. Ἀσαµωναῖος; Josephus, J. W. 1.36; Ant. 11.111; 20.190, 238; Life 1.4).
Did king Herod have his wife’s body preserved in honey?
She committed suicide because Herod had spared her life, so that he could marry her. If he were to marry her, then he would be able to claim that he was not actually a slave, but rather that he had royal blood. Out of love for her, Herod is said to have kept her body preserved in honey for seven years.
Who are the Hasmoneans in the Bible?
The Hasmoneans were a dynasty of Jewish kings that fought to liberate Judea from Seleucid rule and created an independent state. The family’s name was apparently derived from an unknown ancestor named Ḥashmonay (Gk. Ἀσαµωναῖος; Josephus, J. W. 1.36; Ant.
What is the Hasmonean dynasty?
The Hasmonean dynasty ( / ˌhæzməˈniːən / ( audio); Hebrew: חַשְׁמוֹנַּאִים, Ḥashmona’im) was a ruling dynasty of Judea and surrounding regions during classical antiquity. Between c. 140 and c. 116 BCE the dynasty ruled Judea semi-autonomously from the Seleucids.
What is the best book on the Hasmonean dynasty?
Atkinson, Kenneth. A History of the Hasmonean State: Josephus and Beyond. New York: Bloomsbury T Clark, 2016. Berthelot, Katell . In Search of the Promised Land?: The Hasmonean Dynasty between Biblical Models and Hellenistic Diplomacy. Göttingen Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, 2017. 494 pp. ISBN 978-3-525-55252-0.
How did Herod the Great end the Hasmonean dynasty?
The installation of Herod the Great (an Idumean) as king in 37 BCE made Judea a Roman client state and marked the end of the Hasmonean dynasty. Even then, Herod tried to bolster the legitimacy of his reign by marrying a Hasmonean princess, Mariamne, and planning to drown the last male Hasmonean heir at his Jericho palace.
What is Joseph Josephus’account of the Hasmonean dynasty?
Josephus’ account is the only primary source covering the history of the Hasmonean dynasty during the period of its expansion and independence between 110 to 63 BCE.