How is Jatropha used for biodiesel?
The production of the biodiesel was done with standard materials and under standard conditions which made the production a hitch-free one. The jatropha oil was heated to 60°C, and a solution of sodium methoxide (at 60°C) was added to the oil and stirred for 45 minutes using a magnetic stirrer.
What is the use of jatropha oil?
The oil is used to soften the leather. Used as a lubricant in machinery. Also used for making soap. Because of the excellent combination of potassium, phosphorous and nitrogen, the Jatropha oil cake is used as organic manure.
Is Jatropha biodiesel crop?
The characteristics of Jatropha seed oil match with characteristics of diesel [9–11], thus it is called a biodiesel plant . Jatropha grows on diverse wasteland without any agricultural impute (irrigation and fertilization) and has 40–60% oil content [12, 13].
Which tree is known as biodiesel tree?
The seeds contain 27–40% oil (average: 34.4%) that can be processed to produce a high-quality biodiesel fuel, usable in a standard diesel engine….
What are the advantages of using biodiesel?
Biodiesel is a domestically produced, clean-burning, renewable substitute for petroleum diesel. Using biodiesel as a vehicle fuel increases energy security, improves air quality and the environment, and provides safety benefits.
Which part of the Jatropha plant is used in the production of biodiesel?
In India, there is a vast potential for the production of biodiesel from Jatropha curcas (called Jangli arandi in Hindi and Kattukkotai in Tamil) and Pongamia pinnata (The Indian Beech called Karanj in Hindi and Pungai in Tamil) as they occur in plenty in forests and wastelands.
Which type of crops is Jatropha?
Jatropha is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. The name is derived from the Greek words ἰατρός (iatros), meaning “physician”, and τροφή (trophe), meaning “nutrition”, hence the common name physic nut.
What are the problems of biodiesel?
The most common problems with fuel quality are (1) the biodiesel may contain some “unconverted”vegetable oil (incomplete processing), (2) traces of chemicals from the making of the biodiesel (e.g., methanol, lye) can remain in the biodiesel, (3) products of the reaction (e.g., glycerin, soaps) may not be completely …
What is Jatropha biodiesel?
Jatropha Biodiesel The crude oil harvested from Jatropha seeds needs to be processed into a diesel before it can even begin to compete with other energy sources. Jatropha biodiesel is the processed form of Jatropha oil and gets its power from the energy rich bonds found in fatty acid methyl esters (FAME).
Can Jatropha curcasas be used as a biofuel?
Based on its fuel properties, the use of Jatropha curcasas a biofuel plant has great potential, especially in underdeveloped nations. Conclusion The use of Jatropha biodiesel may present various benefits, both to the environment and the economy.
Where do Jatropha grow in the world?
A Central American native, Jatropha has since spread to most regions of the tropical and subtropical belts, and can be found in a wide range of elevations from sea level to as high as 1800 m. Jatropha also boasts a large rainfall tolerance, surviving in conditions between 250 and 3000 mm of rainfall per year.
Can Jatropha survive in arid conditions?
While Jatropha can survive in arid conditions, optimal oil yields are still achieved the old fashioned way with optimal soil yields and a steady supply of water. The resilience of the crop should be treated as a nice countermeasure to fall back on in times of drought.